S39 – Processi di europeizzazione dei sistemi di pianificazione / Europeanisation of spatial planning systems

COORDINATORI: Angela D’Orazio e Maria Coronato, Università di Roma Tor Vergata.

ABSTRACT

La ricerca sull’europeizzazione dei sistemi nazionali, che nasce nelle scienze politiche a partire dagli anni novanta del 1900, si concentra sugli effetti dell’integrazione europea negli Stati membri, considerando quest’ultima una variabile indipendente che ne influenza le politiche. Il termine designa la trasformazione adattativa a logiche o vincoli europei di una variabile di livello nazionale. Oggi è diffuso, utilizzato (e discusso) in diversi campi ma in generale la parola europeizzazione descrive tutte le trasformazioni che hanno un legame con l’integrazione europea. Radaelli (2000) la definisce come “Processes of construction diffusion and institutionalization of formal and informal rules, procedures, policy paradigms, styles, ‘ways of doing things’ and shared beliefs and norms which are first defined and consolidate in the making of EU decisions and then incorporated in the logic of domestic discourse, identities, political structures and public policies”. Molti studi si concentrano sul come il discorso europeo (in documenti formali e informali di policy) abbia creato un ambiente favorevole alla cosiddetta europeizzazione dei diversi sistemi di pianificazione. Nonostante la UE non disponga di strumenti cogenti per sviluppare una politica europea di sviluppo territoriale molte politiche (PAC, Coesione, competitività) sono importanti per la pianificazione di livello nazionale e regionale mentre il recepimento di molte Direttive (Habitat, VAS..) influenza la governance territoriale (Evers et al. 2016). Si assiste ad un ‘adeguamento graduale’ dei sistemi per rispondere ai continui cambiamenti e articolazioni delle politiche di crescita e di coesione di scala macro-europea.
“The concrete question of how European policies can be adjusted to the concrete settings of spatial planning and territorial governance systems appears as a pragmatic way to deal with the issue of a relevant and efficient use of European funding. In that sense, cross-fertilization is needed and can be considered as a multifaceted and heuristic (uploading and downloading process but also horizontal cross-fertilisation between European territories) asset”[..] (Santamaria, 2016).
La sessione mira ad approfondire queste questioni cercando di esplorare gli effetti del complesso delle policies ‘Europee’ sulla elaborazione delle politiche di sviluppo e pianificazione a livello nazionale e regionale, ma anche come tale complesso possa essere influenzato da effetti di retroazione dal basso attraverso la sua interpretazione e implementazione. Geografi e studiosi di diverse discipline sono invitati a presentare contributi, sui processi di europeizzazione dei sistemi di pianificazione e programmazione sia nazionali che regionali, sulle politiche regionali di sviluppo, su politiche settoriali, sulla governance territoriale in specifici ambiti (per es. cross border o macroregionale) proponendo approcci teorici, analisi comparative, analisi di specifiche policies, casi di studio…”

PAROLE CHIAVE: europeizzazione, sistemi di pianificazione, politica di coesione

LINGUE: Italiano, Inglese

CONTATTI: angela.d.orazio@uniroma2.it

Europeanisation of spatial planning systems – The effects of European integration on the Member states are at the heart of the research which focuses on the Europeanisation of national systems, a research agenda with has flourished from nineties in political science and considers European integration as the independent variable with influences the politics of the Member States. Essentially the term Europeanisation is used to signify the transformation of a variable at the national level which adapts to a European model logic or constraint. The term is now widespread in different fields but in general the word Europeanisation describes all the transformations related to European integration process. Radaelli (2000: 2 ) refers to: “Processes of construction diffusion and institutionalization of formal and informal rules, procedures, policy paradigms, styles, ‘ways of doing things’ and shared beliefs and norms which are first defined and consolidate in the making of EU decisions and then incorporated in the logic of domestic discourse, identities, political structures and public policies”. In particular many studies and debates focus on the extent to which EU discourses have created a catalytic environment resulting in the so called ‘Europeanisation’ of domestic spatial planning systems.
Notwithstanding there are no legally EU binding tools for a European spatial development policy, a wide variety of EU policies have relevance for spatial planning at national and sub-national level (CAP, ESIF, Nature 2000, Territorial coperation…), while EU Directives, are obligatory and indirectly influence territorial and spatial governance, as the Habitats Directive, Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive or Water Framework Directive (Evers et al. 2016). Many countries and regions in Europe are gradually adapting their territorial governance and spatial planning systems in order to reflect the continuing advancements and complexities of macro-level EU cohesion and growth policies.
“The concrete question of how European policies can be adjusted to the concrete settings of spatial planning and territorial governance systems appears as a pragmatic way to deal with the issue of a relevant and efficient use of European funding. In that sense, cross-fertilization is needed and can be considered as a multifaceted and heuristic (uploading and downloading process but also horizontal cross-fertilisation between European territories) asset”[..] (Santamaria, 2016).
The session seeks to explore this question investigating on what effects European ‘support’ for domestic policies may have for policy development at state and regional level and how EU-wide policies are influenced by feedback from implementation process on the ground. Scholars from different fields are invited to present research contributions both theoretical and empirical on Europeanization of national and regional planning systems, regional development policies, sector policies, territorial governance in cross borders or macroregional contexts.

KEYWORDS: Europeanisation, planning systems, cohesion policy

SLOT 1
CHAIR: Angela D’Orazio

Angela D’Orazio, Matei Cocheci
Introduction to the session

David Evers
Governance in the shadow of hierarchy: A quest to detect the effects of European integration in domestic spatial policymaking

Andreas Faludi
Perspectives on the EUropeanisation and Europeanisation of planning

Frédéric Santamaria, Bernard Élissalde, Thimotée Giraud
Europeanization of spatial planning and scientific discourse: an analysis proposal based on the ESPON programme

Erblin Berisha, Giancarlo Cotella, Alys Solly
The long arm of the EU? Evidence of Europeanization of spatial planning in Albania and Switzerland

Ledio Allkja, Marjan Marjankovic
Europeanization of Spatial Planning Systems- Comparative Study between Albania and Serbia

Radu-Matei Cocheci, Angela D’Orazio
The Impact Of Europeanization On National Planning Systems. A Comparison Of Spatial Planning Processes In Italy And Romania

SLOT 2
CHAIR: Angela D’Orazio

Battistina Cugusi
Ecosystems as ‘soft spaces’: re-scaling environmental governance in the Mediterranean

Silvia Grandi, Luisa Sacco
La governance multilivello e il processo di integrazione europea dei Balcani Occidentali: il caso della Strategia europea per la macroregione adriatico-ionica (EUSAIR)

Dominique Riviere
La politica europea di coesione, quale approccio del territorio in un contesto metropolitano?

Maurizio Giannone
UE, soft planning e riorganizzazione territoriale;: verso il superamento dello sviluppo locale?

DISCUSSANT: Matei Radu Cocheci

SLOT 3
CHAIR: Angela D’Orazio

Pietro Elisei
A Phase of Dissonant Europeanisation in Spatial Policies

Stefania Mangano, Gian Marco Ugolini
Il patrimonio culturale in una prospettiva di tutela e gestione sovranazionale

Maria Coronato
The contribution of cities network to Europeanization process. The case of environmental policies

DISCUSSANT: Matei Radu Cocheci